Exploring Eastern Europe's Gambling Industry: Expert Review

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Updated 25 august 2023

Eastern Europe holds exciting prospects for the entertainment segment, but it also comes with its fair share of challenges. Some states have embraced liberal regulations, while others impose high taxes or stringent restrictions on gambling and betting.

Gambling regulations in Eastern Europe

In this article, we will explore the wagering landscape in the Eastern European region and highlight key markets to watch in 2023.

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Details on the Topic

The wagering sector has been a point of interest in the region. However, Eastern Europe has long been known for its:

  • regulations constantly changing;
  • laws being enacted and repealed;
  • different countries are taking opposing approaches to gambling.

Despite this, many wagering entrepreneurs have found luck in Eastern Europe. The region continues to propose promising opportunities for savvy providers to flourish and expand.

Staying informed about the latest developments is crucial in this dynamic market. You should delve into the history of the industry and the current situation in post-Soviet countries.


In 2009, the state imposed a complete ban on all forms of gambling. However, the market reopened in 2020, creating significant interest among local and international investors.

The activities available are:

  • digital and ground casinos;
  • wagering shops;
  • gaming halls;
  • poker rooms.

Every kind of business has its own licensing rules and fees. The stationery gambling institutions vary based on their geographical location.

The legislation is new, and the certification process has only started. Nevertheless, the Ukrainian wagering industry is expected to become incredibly profitable in the future, making it a promising region for operators and investors.

The Baltics

Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia have successfully emerged in terms of economic prosperity, boasting fully lawful and regulated gambling industries.

The Baltic region attracts many punters who prefer travelling. The countries have strong legislative frameworks and stable relationships between the authorities and the gambling sphere. The 3 countries share severe restrictions on wagering advertising.

The recent crisis impacted these states differently:

  1. Estonia's national budget suffered from decreased gambling tax revenues.
  2. Latvia experienced a significant decline in overall industry profit due to a temporary ban on online wagering.
  3. Lithuania fared better, as growth from the iGaming sector offset the decrease in land-based revenue.

Despite the temporary setbacks, these countries remain promising markets with a strong commitment to preventing illegal operations.


The gambling segment in the state boasts booming growth and light regulations. Wagering activities have been legal for a long time, with relatively lenient policies compared to other Eastern European countries.

  1. The industry experienced substantial growth over the past decade, primarily fueled by tourism. Georgian casinos attract gamblers from neighbouring countries where wagering is banned or heavily restricted.
  2. While locals were initially less interested in gaming activities, the online sector has seen rapid growth in recent years, thanks to unlimited advertising.
  3. However, only holders of land-based licences are allowed to offer casino amusements and sports betting.

Despite some concerns about political influence and lobbying, the industry remains stable, and new amendments have been introduced to update requirements for licensees and fines.


Kazakhstan's sizable population connects it to gambling. Casinos and slot machines are legally allowed but confined to special wagering zones.

Online gaming is not explicitly prohibited but lacks a legal framework for launching web casinos within the country.

Despite restrictions, Kazakhstan stands apart from its Central Asian neighbours, as it allows some form of gambling, unlike Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, where it is entirely banned.


Armenia maintains political and economic ties with the EU, and its entertainment industry operates under regulation. The government has taken steps toward increasing control in recent years, including advertising restrictions and higher tax rates for wagering enterprises.

Plans to create special gambling zones have met with protests, but the situation remains uncertain, and further requirements may be on the horizon.

The Main Things about Eastern European Casinos

Casinos in Eastern Europe: top countries

The local gambling market is dynamic and subject to frequent changes, driven by political, economic, and legal factors unique to each country. New opportunities arise each year, making it essential for distributors and investors to stay informed and adapt accordingly.

At Online Casino Market, we work with companies worldwide, including entrepreneurs in Eastern European countries. Whether you are new to the sphere or an experienced entrepreneur seeking expansion, we are here to offer our extensive expertise.

The list of our products includes:

Launch a legal wagering business and engage a wide audience from diverse European countries. Feel free to reach out to us by contacting the manager.

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Karen Fill


Karen Fill

Gambling business expert at Online Casino Market

Updated 25 august 2023